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# Quick Guide: How to Compute 13th Month Pay Philippines

by | Nov 26, 2023 | How To

Welcome to our quick guide on how to compute the 13th-month pay in the Philippines! If you’re an employee looking to understand the process and formula for calculating this mandatory benefit, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will provide you with all the essential information you need to know about the 13th-month pay computation in the Philippines.

Before we dive into the details, let’s first understand what the 13th-month pay is and the laws governing it. The 13th-month pay is an additional month’s worth of salary that all non-government rank-and-file employees are entitled to receive. It is a government-mandated benefit introduced under Presidential Decree No. 851 in 1975. The purpose of the 13th-month pay is to provide employees with extra cash during the holiday season and to recognize their hard work throughout the year.

To compute the 13th-month pay, you need to follow a specific formula. The computation should be equivalent to one twelfth (1/12) of the employee’s basic salary or total basic salary plus commissions and other monetary earnings. It’s important to note that the computation does not include overtime pay, night shift differential, and premium pay. Understanding these technicalities is crucial for accurate calculation.

Now that you have a general overview, let’s explore the eligibility requirements, the concept of base pay, and the detailed formula for calculating the 13th-month pay in the Philippines. Stay tuned for the next sections!

### Key Takeaways:

• The 13th-month pay is a mandatory benefit for all rank-and-file non-government employees in the Philippines.
• The computation should be equivalent to one twelfth (1/12) of the employee’s basic salary or total basic salary plus commissions and other monetary earnings.
• The 13th-month pay is prorated for employees who have worked for less than a year.
• The deadline for paying the 13th-month pay is on or before December 24 of each year.
• Understanding the computation and requirements of the 13th-month pay can help employees plan their finances effectively.

## What is the 13th-Month Pay and its Law?

The 13th-month pay is a government-mandated employee benefit under Presidential Decree No. 851, introduced in 1975. It applies to all private sector employees receiving at least 1,000 PHP per month. The purpose of the 13th-month pay is to provide employees with extra cash for the holiday season and to reward their hard work throughout the year. There is no distinction between the 13th-month pay and the 14th-month pay, as the latter is not yet a legal requirement.

“The 13th-month pay is a government-mandated employee benefit under Presidential Decree No. 851.”

### What Does the Law State?

The 13th-month pay law in the Philippines ensures that all private sector employees are entitled to receive an extra month’s salary equivalent to their basic pay. This includes full-time, part-time, and seasonal employees who have been with the company for at least one month. However, government workers, freelancers, household helpers, and commission-based employees are exempted from receiving this benefit.

The law also states that the 13th-month pay should be given to employees on or before December 24 of each year. It is a separate payment from the employee’s regular salary and should not be less than 1/12 of the total basic salary earned during the year. The law also stipulates that the 13th-month pay should be tax-free for employees earning PHP 30,000 or less per month.

### Guidelines for Employers

Employers in the Philippines are required to comply with the guidelines set by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) when it comes to the computation and payment of the 13th-month pay. These guidelines ensure that employees receive their fair share and that employers adhere to the law.

• The 13th-month pay should be based on the employee’s basic salary, which includes paid leaves and basic pay.
• Overtime pay, night shift differential, and premium pay should not be included in the computation of the 13th-month pay.
• Commissions, allowances, and other types of income should also not be included in the computation.

By following these guidelines, employers can avoid legal issues and ensure that their employees are properly compensated for their hard work and dedication throughout the year.

## Eligibility and Technicalities of the 13th-Month Pay

All rank-and-file employees who have worked for at least one month in a company are eligible for the 13th-month pay. This includes employees in the private sector, excluding government workers, freelancers, household helpers, and commission-based employees. The purpose of the 13th-month pay is to provide employees with an additional month’s worth of salary to celebrate the holiday season.

The 13th-month pay should be given to employees on or before December 24 of each year. It is important for employers to ensure timely payment to avoid any legal issues. The computation of the 13th-month pay is based on the employee’s annual basic salary divided by 12 months. This means that paid leaves and basic pay are included in the calculation, while other types of income such as commissions and allowances are excluded. To simplify the computation process, you can use a 13th-month pay computation excel or a 13th-month pay calculator.

Understanding the technicalities of the 13th-month pay is essential for both employers and employees. Employers need to comply with the legal requirements and provide the correct amount to their employees. Employees, on the other hand, should familiarize themselves with the computation methods to ensure they receive the proper amount. By being knowledgeable about the eligibility and technicalities of the 13th-month pay, you can navigate through the process with ease and ensure a fair and accurate computation.

### Table: Example 13th-Month Pay Computation

Employee Annual Basic Salary 13th-Month Pay Computation
Employee A PHP 300,000 PHP 25,000
Employee B PHP 500,000 PHP 41,666.67
Employee C PHP 800,000 PHP 66,666.67

In the table above, we provide examples of 13th-month pay computations for three hypothetical employees. The annual basic salaries are given, and the 13th-month pay is computed by dividing the annual basic salary by 12. As shown, the 13th-month pay is a percentage of the employee’s annual basic salary, providing them with an additional month’s worth of income. Keep in mind that this is just an example, and actual computations may vary based on the employee’s specific circumstances.

## Understanding Your Base Pay for 13th-Month Pay Calculation

When it comes to calculating your 13th-month pay in the Philippines, understanding your base pay is essential. Your base pay refers to all the compensation you receive from your employer for the services you render to the company. However, it excludes allowances, profit-sharing payments, and other non-wage perks.

To determine if these benefits should be included in your base pay, you should refer to your employment contract or agreement. If these benefits are considered part of your base pay in the agreement, they should be included in the calculation of your 13th-month pay.

Being familiar with your base pay is crucial for accurate computation. It ensures that your 13th-month pay reflects your actual earnings and provides you with a fair bonus based on your total compensation for the year.

### Example:

Your base pay is PHP 20,000 per month, and you receive a monthly transportation allowance of PHP 2,000. In your employment contract, it states that the transportation allowance is considered part of your base pay. To calculate your 13th-month pay, you would include your basic salary of PHP 20,000 plus the transportation allowance of PHP 2,000 for a total base pay of PHP 22,000.

By understanding your base pay and considering all relevant factors, you can ensure that your 13th-month pay accurately reflects your contributions to the company and provides you with the financial reward you deserve.

## Computing the 13th-Month Pay

Calculating the 13th-month pay in the Philippines is a straightforward process. The formula is based on 1/12 of the employee’s total basic salary for the year. To compute the 13th-month pay, you simply add up the employee’s basic salary for the entire year and divide it by 12. The resulting amount represents the employee’s 13th-month pay.

Let’s take an example to illustrate this. Suppose an employee’s total basic salary for the year is Php 240,000. By dividing this amount by 12, you get Php 20,000, which is the employee’s 13th-month pay.

It’s important to note that the 13th-month pay is prorated for employees who have not worked for the company for the whole year. In such cases, the computation follows the same formula, but only includes the months worked. For instance, if an employee worked for only 6 months in a year, their 13th-month pay would be half of their total basic salary for that period.

Months Worked Total Basic Salary 13th-Month Pay
12 Php 240,000 Php 20,000
6 Php 120,000 Php 10,000

As shown in the table, the prorated 13th-month pay for an employee who worked for 6 months is halved compared to the 12-month scenario. Employers should ensure that the 13th-month pay is computed accurately and paid to eligible employees on or before December 24 of each year.

## Pro-rated 13th Month Pay and Deadline

The prorated 13th-month pay is applicable to employees who have not worked for the company for the whole year. It takes into account the months an employee has actually worked. The computation is the same as the regular 13th-month pay, but only includes the months worked and divides it by 12. This ensures that employees receive a fair and proportionate amount based on their actual tenure with the company.

For example, if an employee joined the company in June, they would be entitled to receive half of the 13th-month pay. The computation would involve adding up the employee’s basic salary for the months of June to December and then dividing it by 12.

It is important for employers to be aware of the deadline for paying the 13th-month pay. According to the guidelines, the payment should be made on or before December 24 of each year. This ensures that employees have the funds available to them before the holiday season, allowing them to make necessary purchases and enjoy the festive period.

Employees’ Work Duration 13th-Month Pay Computation
Full Year Annual Basic Salary ÷ 12
6 Months Basic Salary for June to December ÷ 12
3 Months Basic Salary for September to November ÷ 12

By adhering to the prorated 13th-month pay calculation and paying it on time, employers can ensure that their employees receive fair compensation. This benefits both the employees, who receive their rightful entitlement, and the company, as it enhances employee satisfaction and loyalty.

## Conclusion

The 13th-month pay is an important benefit for employees in the Philippines. It provides you with additional income during the holiday season and serves as a reward for your hard work throughout the year. By understanding the computation and requirements of the 13th-month pay, you can better plan your finances and budget effectively.

Remember to consult the appropriate laws and guidelines to ensure compliance with the 13th-month pay regulations. Familiarize yourself with the 13th month pay law in the Philippines to ensure you receive the correct amount. Additionally, make sure you understand the process of calculating your 13th-month pay, as it will help you determine the accurate amount you are entitled to.

Calculating your 13th-month pay in the Philippines is relatively simple. It is based on 1/12 of your total basic salary for the year. By adding up your basic salary for the entire year and dividing it by 12, you can calculate your 13th-month pay. Remember that if you have not worked for the whole year, your 13th-month pay will be prorated based on the number of months you have worked.

Understanding the requirements and computation of the 13th-month pay will empower you to make informed financial decisions. It is an important benefit that can provide you with much-needed financial relief during the holiday season. Take the time to familiarize yourself with the 13th-month pay law in the Philippines and ensure that you receive the proper compensation you deserve.

## FAQ

### How is the 13th-month pay computed in the Philippines?

The 13th-month pay is computed by taking 1/12 of the employee’s total basic salary for the year. This includes the employee’s basic salary, paid leaves, and any other income that is considered part of the base pay.

### Who is eligible to receive the 13th-month pay?

All rank-and-file non-government employees in the Philippines are eligible to receive the 13th-month pay. Freelancers, household helpers, government workers, and commission-based employees are exempted from this benefit.

### When should the 13th-month pay be given to employees?

The 13th-month pay should be given to employees on or before December 24 of each year.

### How is the prorated 13th-month pay calculated?

The prorated 13th-month pay is calculated by taking into account the months an employee has actually worked. It follows the same computation as the regular 13th-month pay, but only includes the months worked and divides it by 12.

### What is the purpose of the 13th-month pay?

The 13th-month pay serves as extra cash for employees during the holiday season and rewards their hard work throughout the year.